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Bihar

Bihar

Capital City:
Patna
Population:
99.02 million
Geo Location:
East
Area:
94,163 sq km
Average Climate:
Summer: 25°C – 45°C
Monsoon: 22°C – 38°C
Post-monsoon: 18°C – 30°C
Winter: 10°C – 30°C
 
Best time to visit:
October to March

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About Bihar

Bihar is a state in the eastern region of India, third largest by population. It is bounded by Uttar Pradesh to its west, West Bengal to the east, Jharkhand to the south and Nepal to the north. It was the seat of several of the most famous ancient Indian dynasties and cradle Jainism and Buddhism. The name Bihar is derived from vihara (monastery), an apt title for a state which was the birthplace of Buddhism. Bihar was a centre of power, culture and learning in ancient and as well classical India. The state owns the pride of establishing one among the first democracies in the world called Lichhavi. The Maurya empire, India's first and greatest empire originated from Magadh and Buddhism, one of the world's most  widely followed religion also has its root from Magadh. Nalanda and Vikramshila cities established in the 5th and 8th century respectively were centres of learning in Bihar and they are counted as amongst the oldest international universities of the time. Northern Bihar is a fertile agricultural plain, watered by the river Ganges, whereas southern part is dominated by a scenic and thickly forested highland called Chhota Nagpur Plateau. Bihar is a state offering myriad and versatile opportunities in terms of traveling as its a land where Buddha once walked, it is a place where spiritualism reigns supreme. It also includes national parks, botanical gardens and historic destinations. A visit to the state of Bihar gives a picture of India, its values and culture. Some of main tourist places are Vaishali, Patna, Bodhgaya, Kushinagar, Rajgir, Nalanda and Gaya.             

Cities to visit


Patna
Patna is the capital and largest city of the state of Bihar. Patna was founded in 490 BCE by the king of Magadha. Ancient Patna, known as Pataliputra, was the capital of the Magadha Empire under the Haryanka, Nanda, Mauryan, Sunga, Gupta and Pala. The modern city of Patna is situated on the southern bank of the Ganges. Patn...
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Bodhgaya
Bodhgaya is one of the most important and sacred Buddhist pilgrimage center in the world. It was here under a banyan tree, the Bodhi Tree, Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment. Bodh Gaya flourishes as an international centre for Buddhism. Temples and monasteries built by various countries dot the town. The ambience is a mix of monastic serenity and small town commotion....
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Nalanda
Nalanda is located about 95 kilometres southeast of Patna, was a religious centre of learning from the fifth century CE to 1197 CE. It was once the most prestigious centre of learning in Asia, the Buddhist University of Nalanda was founded in 5th century AD, had over 5,000 international students and teachers and library of nine million manuscripts. Built on a hallowed site where Bud...
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